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The Reformation in the Kvarner Gulf and Dalmatia PDF Print E-mail
The Reformation in Various Regions

One of the most outstanding figures of the Reformation on the territory of Rijeka and the Kvarner Gulf was Captain Franjo Barbo, who turned his castle in Kožljak (Wachsenstein) in eastern Istria into a centre for the Reformation. He was responsible for distributing books and other Protestant materials around Rijeka, the Kvarner Gulf and Dalmatia, which reached the masses of people. Pietro Manelfi described his visit to the castle in the summer of 1551 with the following words: “There are many Lutherans in Kožljak with whom I had conversation – I talked mostly to Lord Franjo, his brother and his mother. He has a large number of Lutheran and heretical books in his home, numerous works by Vergerio and books by father Baldo, a Lutheran, who has been imprisoned as a heretic in Venice for a long time.”  Barbo presumably protected Protestant preachers in Kastav, too, which he ruled until 1582.

On the island of Cres the Franciscan monk and preacher, father Baldo Lupetina (1502–1556) was active. He was accused of bringing Protestant elements into his homilies, was arrested in 1542 and was given a life sentence. A letter from the Venetian doge Pietro Lando to Alojzije Pisan, guardian of the island of Krk, mentions that most of the inhabitants of Krk “follow Luther’s sect”.

Merchants from Rijeka who conducted business with Šibenik, Trogir and Dubrovnik significantly contributed to the spread of the Reformation and the distribution of Protestant literature in Dalmatia. Markantun de Dominis (1560–1624) from the island of Rab, the person who played one of the most exceptional roles in the Reformation in Dalmatia, was archbishop of Split and author of historical-theological works from a Protestant viewpoint. Because of his writings and his anti-Rome stances he was sent to a prison of the Inquisition, where he got sick and died. He was posthumously convicted and his body was burned on the square Campo dei Fiori in Rome.

Dalmazia 1560